Laparoscopic Surgery and Complete Treatment after Surgery

Laparoscopic Surgery and Laparoscopy Treatment in Jaipur

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Gone are the days when surgery meant a major operation with big cuts and stitches and long hospital stay with prolonged rest and recovery time. With the advent of ‘Keyhole’ or ‘buttonhole’ surgery (Laparoscopy) many of the surgeries for women which required major cuts on the stomach are now done with 2-3 cuts of ½ to 1 cm each.

Fibroids are usually non cancerous solid tumours in the womb (uterus). These can cause heavy irregular menses, pain, pressure and heaviness of the lower abdomen in many cases. These tumours are very common and are seen even in young women. These fibroids unfortunately cannot be treated with medicines but have to be removed surgically if they are causing problems.

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What is Laparoscopy?

RMACT Laparoscopy TreatmentsLaparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive diagnostic procedure that uses a telescopic camera system to visualize abdominal and reproductive organs (uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries). The surgeon makes tiny incisions (approximately 0.5 to 1 cm) in the abdomen through which a thin, fiber-optic tube fitted with a light and camera is inserted. Suspicious growths can be biopsied and repairs can be made during a laparoscopy, making more invasive surgery unnecessary.

Advantages of a Laparoscopy

The advantages to laparoscopy over an open abdomen procedure include:

  • Decreased blood loss
  • Smaller abdominal incisions
  • Less pain
  • Shorter surgical recovery time
  • No hospital stay

Laparoscopic Procedure and Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopy for Diagnosis and Treatment

Laparoscopic surgery is usually performed only after another infertility testing has been done. Certain patients with fertility problems may benefit from a diagnostic and/or an operative laparoscopy. For example, if you have pelvic pain that is symptomatic of endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), your doctor may use laparoscopy to determine the source of the pain (adhesions, scar tissue) and treat it.

At the time of your surgery, your doctor will examine your fallopian tubes to see if they are open. In addition, laparoscopy will evaluate the relationship between your ovaries and fallopian tubes.

Ectopic Pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy is located in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus. It can cause abdominal pain and bleeding. Laparoscopy is utilized to diagnose and treat ectopic pregnancies.

Operative Laparoscopy Procedure

The procedure begins by establishing an IV line through which fluids and medication to help you relax are delivered. General anesthesia is then administered, meaning you’ll be unconscious throughout the procedure. The surgeon makes a small incision on the abdomen and carbon dioxide gas is pumped in to expand it and make it easier to maneuver the laparoscope and see the organs. Two or three additional incisions are made through which the laparoscope and surgical instruments are inserted. The laparoscope produces images of your reproductive organs on a television screen.

The surgeon uses those images to evaluate the abdominal and pelvic organs, looking for cysts, fibroids, adhesions, scar tissue and endometrial growths. A dye may be injected through the cervix to see if the fallopian tubes are open. Sample tissue may be taken and tested for abnormalities. If repair is necessary, microsurgical instruments are inserted through the other abdominal incisions, allowing your physician to cut adhesions or remove endometriosis.

After your procedure, the incisions are closed and you will go home the same day. Your doctor may prescribe painkillers for any discomfort. You should restrict your activities for a day or so, longer if repairs have been made.

Most Common Problems After Laparoscopic Surgery

  • Nausea
  • Pain around incision sites
  • A sore throat from the breathing tube used during surgery
  • Abdominal pain
  • Tenderness
  • Shoulder pain
  • Abdominal bloating from the gas

If you have any of these symptoms, let us know or Call +91 98289 72104

After a laparoscopy?

You may feel a little sore around the cuts (incisions). You may have some pain in your shoulder tip. This is caused by the gas which had been pumped inside irritating the diaphragm which has the same nerve supply as the shoulder tip. This pain soon passes off. The length of time to recover can vary, depending on why the procedure was done and what operations were performed.

Are there any possible complications from a laparoscopy?
There may be some minor bleeding or bruising around the skin incisions. Otherwise, in most cases, a laparoscopy just to look inside goes without any problem. Possible problems which may occur include the following:

Accidental damage to structures inside the tummy (abdomen), such as the intestines or certain blood vessels. This is rare but, if it occurs, an emergency traditional operation may be needed to correct the damage.
As with any operation, there is a small risk of complications of anesthesia.
Occasionally, the incision becomes infected which may require a course of antibiotics.
If you have laparoscopic surgery, the risk of complications may increase, depending on what operation is performed.

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What are the risks of laparoscopy?

The most common risks associated with laparoscopy are bleeding, infection, and damage to organs in your abdomen. However, these are rare occurrences.

After your procedure, it’s important to watch for any signs of infection. Contact your doctor if you experience:

fevers or chills
abdominal pain that becomes more intense over time
redness, swelling, bleeding, or drainage at the incision sites
continuous nausea or vomiting
persistent cough
shortness of breath
inability to urinate
lightheadedness
There is a small risk of damage to the organs being examined during laparoscopy. Blood and other fluids may leak out into your body if an organ is punctured. In this case, you’ll need other surgery to repair the damage.

Less common risks include:

complications from general anesthesia
inflammation of the abdominal wall
a blood clot, which could travel to your pelvis, legs, or lungs
In some circumstances, your surgeon may believe the risk of diagnostic laparoscopy is too high to warrant the benefits of using a minimally invasive technique. This situation often occurs for those who’ve had prior abdominal surgeries, which increases the risk of forming adhesions between structures in the abdomen. Performing laparoscopy in the presence of adhesions will take much longer and increases the risk of injuring organs.